CCTV: Last night, President Xi Jinping and President Joko Widodo watched the operational test run of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed train via video link. Why was this event included in President Xi Jinping’s tight schedule in Indonesia?
Mao Ning: The Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail line is a landmark project of the China-Indonesia Belt and Road cooperation, which is personally supported by the two presidents. It is the first overseas high-speed railway project that fully utilizes Chinese railway industrial systems, technologies and components. It is also the first high-speed rail line in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. President Xi Jinping highlighted the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Joint Construction Initiative during his visit to Indonesia in 2013. Next year will mark the tenth anniversary of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative. Belt and Road”. The imminent completion of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail line will be a milestone and demonstrate that the China-Indonesia Belt and Road cooperation is ready to be harvested.
Once operational, the high-speed rail line will reduce travel time between Jakarta and Bandung from over three hours to 40 minutes. It will greatly contribute to promoting local economic and social development and improving regional connectivity. Recently, a rap song about the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway line has become very popular on the Internet in Indonesia, which shows how eagerly the Indonesian people are waiting for the project to be completed and put into operation.
President Xi Jinping and President Joko Widodo have fully acknowledged the efforts made to create synergy between the “Belt and Road” and the “Global Navy Pivot Point” of Indonesia. They reached important consensus on strengthening the two countries’ comprehensive strategic partnership and jointly building the China-Indonesia community with a shared future. The two Heads of State attended together the signing of numerous cooperation documents. We are confident that under the strategic leadership of the two leaders, China-Indonesia ties will continue to flourish and contribute even more to the well-being of the two peoples as well as the solidarity and cooperation of the developing countries.
China Daily: Nowadays, the ethical risks posed by artificial intelligence (AI) have become a greater concern for the international community. On November 16, China submitted a position paper on strengthening the ethical governance of AI to the Conference of States Parties to the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. Could you give us more details about this?
Mao Ning: With its rapid progress and widespread application, artificial intelligence is having an increasingly visible complex impact on the political, economic, military and social aspects of countries around the world. Countries have realized that if misused or abused, AI could undermine ethics and the prevailing legal system, and cause serious ethical problems. Strengthening the ethical governance of AI is now an important task facing the world.
China attaches great importance to AI risk prevention and management and actively engages in international AI governance. In December last year, the Chinese side submitted a position paper on regulating AI military applications to the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons Review Conference, offering wisdom and solution. from China to the difficult issues of AI governance.
The position paper submitted by China details our policy proposals regarding the ethical governance of AI, which cover its regulation, research and development, use and international cooperation. The position paper underscores China’s commitment to building the community with a shared future for humanity in the field of AI and efforts to advocate a people-centered approach and the principle of AI for good, ensure that AI is safe, reliable, controllable and capable of better enhancing global sustainable development and improving the common well-being of all humanity.
China stands ready to continue to put into practice the concept of global governance characterized by mutual consultation, joint construction and sharing for all. We will work with the rest of the international community to implement the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative, respond appropriately to the risks and challenges posed by the application of AI, and work formulating a widely accepted international AI governance plan.
The Paper: Statistics from the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) show that almost three billion people in the world are not connected to the Internet. Most of them are in developing countries. According to China, how should the international community cooperate to bridge the digital divide? What role will China play to this end?
Mao Ning: Bridging the digital divide is an urgent task for the world. Better digital governance is a common aspiration for all parties. China attaches great importance to the issue of the digital divide. At the G20 summit in Hangzhou, China, as the host of the G20, put the digital economy on its agenda for the first time. At the G20 summit in Bali, President Xi Jinping once again presented China’s proposal on bridging the digital divide.
President Xi Jinping has stressed that prioritizing development is key to bridging the digital divide. All countries should jointly promote connectivity in the digital age and take effective measures to promote digital literacy and skills for all. It is particularly important to help developing countries and disadvantaged groups adapt to digital transformation.
To improve digital governance, it is important to pursue multilateralism. All countries should make concerted efforts to foster an open, inclusive, fair, just and non-discriminatory environment for the development of the digital economy. Building “small courtyards with high walls” and restricting or hindering scientific and technological cooperation do not benefit anyone and do not correspond to the common interests of the international community.
China is willing to strengthen cooperation with other G20 members to jointly build a dynamic global digital economy that benefits everyone, is balanced, coordinated, inclusive and based on win-win cooperation and common prosperity.
Kyodo News: According to reports, the Chinese and Japanese leaders are expected to hold talks in Thailand this afternoon. What are China’s expectations for this interview?
Mao Ning: I already answered this question yesterday. If you are interested, I can present again what we expect from this meeting. China and Japan are close neighbors and important countries in the region. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the normalization of China-Japan relations. We hope the two sides will stick to peace and friendship, develop mutually beneficial cooperation, manage differences and work together to build a China-Japan relationship that meets the call of the new era.
A press release will be issued following the meeting. Please follow the relevant news.
Yonhap News Agency: According to reports, on Nov. 17, North Korea’s foreign minister issued a statement warning the United States of a fiercer military counterattack in response to the US buildup. United of extended deterrence against their allies in the region. Following this statement, North Korea launched a ballistic missile towards its eastern waters. What is China’s comment on this?
Mao Ning: We noted North Korea’s response to the enhanced extended deterrence in the joint statement by the United States, Japan, and South Korea. We hope that all parties will deal with the core issues of the Korean Peninsula and address each other’s concerns in a balanced manner, including North Korea’s legitimate concerns.
AFP: A US court has sentenced a Chinese citizen to 20 years in prison for stealing trade secrets from US and French aerospace companies. What is China’s comment on this?
Mao Ning: The US accusations are simply false. We request the US side to handle the matter without bias and in accordance with law and to protect the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese citizens.
Reuters: A New Zealand government spokesman said today that New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern expects to meet President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the APEC summit on Friday. The spokesperson described the meeting as currently confirmed. What is the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s comment on this?
Mao Ning: China and New Zealand are important partners for each other. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of China-New Zealand diplomatic relations. China is ready to work with New Zealand to adhere to the principle of mutual respect and win-win cooperation, maintain high-level contacts and strengthen exchanges and cooperation, jointly advancing the development of the China comprehensive strategic partnership. -New Zealand. As for the bilateral meeting you mentioned, I have nothing to share at this time.