Kanop, the AI ​​of forests – New technologies

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A young French company is developing artificial intelligence devices to measure, from satellite observations, the climate impact of forestry projects. The objective of the young company is to analyze very finely, down to the scale of the tree, the carbon that is stored by forests.

To enable foresters to quantify the ability of their plots to sequester atmospheric carbon, the young shoot Hemp retrieves high resolution satellite images and radar readings. This data is then analyzed by the artificial intelligence programs that the young company has developed. This information makes it possible both to measure the height, the diameter and to determine the species and the quantity of carbon sequestered by each of the trees in the logging operations.

The device generates a true “digital twin” of the forest in order to follow its evolution or observe its deterioration, explains Romain Fau, manager and co-founder of Kanop: “ To succeed in solving the climate crisis, we have at our disposal two levers of action. First, we must reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and that is obviously where we must start. The second action lever is to use natural ecosystems to increase atmospheric carbon sequestration and it is in this area that Kanop intervenes. Our goal is to facilitate CO2 sequestration projects in particular by measuring the quantity that is absorbed by the forests. To achieve this, we use satellite imagery and for a few years, it has been in high resolution. This is the case, for example, of the Airbus Pléiade Neo constellation which provides images up to 30 centimeters in resolution, i.e. each pixel on a snapshot corresponds to 30 cm of ground surface. To decipher them, we have developed several artificial intelligence programs that analyze them in order to extract data that allows us to calculate very finely the quantity of CO2 absorbed at the level of each tree in a forest. Many countries are currently seeking to enhance their natural carbon sinks. This is the case in Europe, for example, with the plan entitled “Suitable for 55″. The EU calls on Member States to develop payment systems for ecosystem services provided by forests. In concrete terms, this involves remunerating public and private forest managers when they increase the CO2 storage capacity of the forests for which they are responsible. »

Currently, it is quite complicated to measure the success of tree planting campaigns and the improvement of silvicultural practices. But numerous international studies show that good management of cultivated land, pastures and forest plots has the potential to sequester between 5 and 12 gigatonnes of CO2 per year. These natural carbon sinks, that should be protected or repaired, would thus enable us to limit global warming by 2030.

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